Visions of Our Past Quiz

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Question 1

What Building is this?

A. Avenue Hotel, Fort William

This building was widely known as a popular accommodation for both visiting Vaudeville actors and a pet bear.

B. Algoma Hotel, Port Arthur

The Algoma housed the author James Oliver Curwood during his visit to the Lakehead.

Avenue Hotel, Fort William
Algoma Hotel, Port Arthur
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Algoma Hotel was built on Cumberland Street near Lorne in Port Arthur in the late 1880s under the proprietorship of John Merrill and George Hodder. It was the home of several prominent personalities. Among them were James Oliver Curwood (who wrote God's County and other novels), and Bob Edwards, a controversial newspaper editor. Edwards published the Eye Opener first in Calgary and then in Port Arthur in the early years of the 20th century but in both cases was forced out of town by irate citizens. According to one author, Bob could often be seen coming out of the hotel in the mornings, "so groggy that he had to hang onto the railings to keep from falling." When greeted with the words "Drunk again Bob?", he would always reply "So am I."
Question 2
What Building is this?
A. Hodder's Shop for all Vices, Port Arthur
This shop, which sold liquor, tobacco, cigars, was a favourite of visiting miners, navies and sailors in the 1880s.
B. Hotel Victoria, Westfort
This hotel, built in the 1870s, was one of the earliest to be established in Thunder Bay.
Hodder's Shop for all Vices, Port Arthur
Hotel Victoria, Westfort
Question 2 Explanation: 
George Hodder's liquor, tobacco and cigar shop was located on Park Street near Cumberland in the mid 1880s. He must have done a roaring business when thousands of hard drinking railway navvies, sailors, prospectors and mine workers came to Port Arthur for their entertainment. The railway was completed by 1886, and the mining prospects began to decline by the decade's end. The boom years were winding down and business began to dry up. By 1888 Hodder's distinctive store was gone.
Question 3
What Building is this?
A. The Manitoba Hotel, Fort William
This large hotel, which was raised and dragged by horses an entire block, survived into the 1990s.
B. Neebing Hotel, Westfort
Famous for its poor construction, this hotel was held up as an example of political corruption and patronage at the highest level, and was partly responsible for the fall of a federal government.
The Manitoba Hotel, Fort William
Neebing Hotel, Westfort
Question 3 Explanation: 
Oliver, Davidson & Co., headed by good Liberal party members Adam Oliver and Joseph Davidson, built the Neebing Hotel in the 1870s and promptly sold it to the federal government's new railway for about $8,500. The railway planned to use it for offices though the building turned out to be so poorly built that it was never fully occupied. Port Arthur citizens, jealous that the Liberal Government in Ottawa gave the railway terminus to Fort William and not to them, cried foul, claiming that this sale was an example of corruption and patronage at the highest level. The allegations created quite a storm of controversy in the House of Commons and (even though the accused were vindicated in the end) contributed to the ultimate fall of Alexander Mackenzie's Liberal government.
Question 4
What Building is this?
A. Queen's Hotel, Fort William
Built in Westfort to accommodate railway travellers, this hotel is now the site of a contractor's storage yard.
B. Grain Exchange, Fort William
This building was built in a failed attempt to draw the nation's major grain exchange business away from Winnipeg.
Queen's Hotel, Fort William
Grain Exchange, Fort William
Question 4 Explanation: 
Commonly known as the Chapples building because its major occupant from 1913 to 1981 was the department store run by the Chapples family, this building is more properly known as the Grain Exchange. Constructed in 1909, the block was Fort William's attempt to capture the grain exchange business from Winnipeg. Without a sample market, however, the exchange never really got off the ground, and for years the building has housed a variety of offices. The construction of Victoriaville Centre which opened in 1980 enclosed much of the building within a mall.
Question 5
What building is this?
A. Fort William Town Hall
The site of this town hall is now the lawn of the current Thunder Bay City Hall.
B. Port Arthur Town Hall
Port Arthur's Town hall, built by a private company in 1880, was used for council meetings and as a public auditorium until it burned to the ground in November 1907.
Fort William Town Hall
Port Arthur Town Hall
Question 5 Explanation: 
Thunder Bay's city hall had two predecessors. The first, Fort William's town hall, was built in the early 1890s at the corner of Donald and Brodie Streets. It also housed the fire department. Unfortunately, it burned to the ground in 1903 taking most of the town's records with it. The second, seen here, was a much larger structure built on what is now the lawn of the current city hall. The building was designed by Ayleworh, a local architect, and cost $80,000, a sizeable sum for a town of only 5,000 people. It opened to great fanfare in 1905. This architecturally distinctive hall also served for many decades as Fort William's community auditorium. It was torn down in 1965 and replaced by today's building.
Question 6
What parade is this?
A. Labour Day Parade, Simpson Street
Early Labour Day parades in Thunder Bay were often the occasion of much enthusiastic celebration.
B. Calithumpian Parade, Red River Road
Parades like this, though held in late 19th century Port Arthur, were a throwback to an ancient past.
Labour Day Parade, Simpson Street
Calithumpian Parade, Red River Road
Question 6 Explanation: 
The first Labour Day parades in Thunder Bay took place early in the 20th century. Like this view of Simpson Street in 1913, they sometimes brought out thousands of spectators and hundreds of participants. Being seaports and rail centres, Fort William and Port Arthur had a very active labour movement in these early years, and local union leaders were in the forefront of labour activism in Canada. Strikes were not uncommon, particularly against the railways, and, when strikebreakers were used, several strikes turned violent. At these times armed militiamen were used to suppress the violence. For more information about Thunder Bay's tumultuous labour history, read Chapter Seven in the book Thunder Bay: From Rivalry to Unity.
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There are 6 questions to complete.